Turkey Tips For Foreigners

Thinking about buying or selling property in Turkey or simply visiting the country as a tourist then read on. You’re very welcome to visit Turkey. Despite the country’s rising profile as a tourist destination and a destination for foreign homebuyers, many remain unaware of the significance of the Republic of Turkey to both western Asia and Europe. Forget the cliched “east meets west” tagline, which only captures a small part of the reality of life in different regions. Since there is so much more to Turkey.


And real estate investors should expect a lot from the country. The variety, from the western mountains to the eastern provinces, the Turkish people to the contemporary art, gradually draws you in. Let’s take a look at everything you need to know about beautiful Turkey if you’re planning to invest in real estate in the eastern Mediterranean, the Aegean, or any of the country’s major cities.


Turkey: A Brief Introduction to the Country

Where in the World Is Turkey Located?

Turkey, after all, has a huge geographical area. The 37th largest country in the globe, 95% of its territory is located in southern Asia minor and 5% in south-eastern Europe. Istanbul, in the European region of Turkey, is the most popular tourist destination in all of Turkey, with an estimated 15 million visitors each year. In this corner of Southeastern Europe, you can see the Bulgarian and Greek borders.

The topic of Turkey’s relations with the European Union often seems to spark heated debate. Although there is a large European element of Turkey, not everyone agrees that it should join the European Union. In any case, their usefulness was acknowledged in 1999. What’s left of eastern Europe, however modest, is crucial.

Turkey is located in western Asia and has a coastline of 7,000 kilometres along the Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara, and Black Seas. Turkey’s reputation abroad is enhanced by the western Asia minor portion, which is home to a number of world-famous landmarks and tourist attractions. Further, it features international boundaries with various countries in western Asia. Hence, the adage that Turkey connects Asia and Eastern Europe.


Turkish participation in WWI

Most people think of the Ottoman Empire when they think about Turkish history. There is, however, a considerably longer background to this story. The Romans, Persians, Seljuk Turks, Lycians, Lydians, and Alexander the Great were only some of the several countries that ruled over these areas. After WWI, things began to change. Following the end of World War One, the victors’ allied forces rushed into the Ottoman Empire’s territory. The Turkish War of Independence began as a result of this. In 1923, the Turks triumphed and established the Republic of Turkey.


The Late Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Turkey’s modern republic can trace its roots back to Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. His death in the Dolmabahce palace in Istanbul in 1938 came after he had led the Turkish war of independence. Numerous reforms he instituted paved the way for contemporary Turkey.


Renewed Turkish Lira

Some of the people we talk to still fondly recall the days when the Turkish lira had many noughts and they felt like modest millionaires. However, the Grand National Assembly of the Republic of Turkey abolished noughts from Turkish currency in 2003 and replaced them with the YTL, which is used today along with the Turkish lira and kurus. In 2005, this was fully implemented. Many external and internal factors have influenced the Turkish lira in recent years. Due to this, the value of the Turkish lira increased relative to other currencies. At the moment, foreigners can still exchange their currencies for a fair amount of Turkish lira.


Turkish Government Seat: Ankara

Some curious individuals persist in incorrectly identifying Istanbul, the country’s largest city, as its capital. It’s not. Ankara, Turkey’s capital, is located in the Anatolian area in the country’s central western part. Nearly a century ago, when the Turkish Republic first came into being, they relocated their capital city here for safety. Istanbul, the main city in both the Ottoman and Byzantine empires, had been a target for conquest for centuries. It is safer to relocate the capital. Ankara, the nation’s capital, is widely regarded as a major centre for higher learning in Turkey. This is the capital and the site of the Great National Assembly. Antalya, the largest city on the Mediterranean Sea coast, is joined by Izmir, Bursa, Trabzon, and other major cities.


Turkey’s Government

Turkish parliament is known as the TBMM or just parliament. Its origins can be traced back to 1920, when Allied soldiers occupied what is now Turkey. Six hundred seats in the Grand National Assembly are up for election every five years. Unless the candidate is running as an independent, a party needs 7 percent of the vote to win a seat. Meeting minutes from the Grand National Assembly are published in four languages: English, French, Arabic, and Russian.

There are 17 ministries in the Turkish government that are in charge of different elements of society. The Turkish government is led solely by the president. In addition, Turkey was one of the original members of the United Nations when it was established in the wake of World War II in 1945. They contribute financially to the United Nations, thus they’re included in the Geneva contingent. Turkey’s overseas assignments are all over the map, from South Sudan to Afghanistan to the Congo.


Towards Turkey’s Southeast, Along the Mediterranean

The Mediterranean coast is Turkey’s success story, and it spans the entire country’s southeastern region. The area is a hotspot for a wide variety of lucrative industries, including vacationing, investing, working abroad, studying, spending time at the beach, going shopping, and partying. Antalya is one of the three regions on the central Mediterranean coast. Smaller resorts like Side, Kemer, Kas, and Kalkan may be found along the coast between the city centre and the Mediterranean Sea. These resorts are backed by the narrow coastal plains of the Taurus Mountain range.


Beach resorts in Turkey

Golfers flock to Belek, while Alanya, in Turkey’s far east, continues to expand. West of the city centre is Fethiye, a collection of smaller resorts known as Oludeniz, Calis, Ovacik, and Hisaronu. Marmaris, a city on the coast of the Aegean Sea, is an important hub for tourism and real estate. There are many sights to see, but the 516-kilometer Lycian Way and the Turkish Riviera are the two official routes that run along the shore of the Mediterranean.


Aegean Coast of Turkey

Western Turkey gets its name from the Aegean Sea, which has the longest coastline of any region in Turkey. Aydin, Izmir, and Mugla, three central provinces, are very popular among foreign visitors and foreign residents looking to buy property in Turkey. Kusadasi, in western Turkey, is a popular port of call for cruise ships touring the Ephesus ruins, and Pamukkale, also in western Turkey, is a popular tourist destination due to its picturesque cotton-white travertine pools.

Aegean gem or not, Izmir is Turkey’s third largest city. Finally, the Bodrum castle and the larger peninsula both play important roles in attracting tourists to Turkey. Gumusluk, Turgutreis, and Yalikavak are some of the smaller resorts on the peninsula that are popular with both international and domestic tourists. The town of Bodrum, situated on the Aegean Sea.


Turkey’s Black Sea Province

Over the past few years, visitors and investors from the Middle East have been flocking to the Black Sea region, which encompasses the whole north coast. Tourists from Kuwait, Iraq, and other Middle Eastern countries flock to Trabzon and other towns in the northeastern Black Sea region for its beautiful mountainous backdrop and proximity to the sea.

Rize, the “tea capital,” and Amasya, “the city of the Pontic tombs and old Ottoman homes,” are to the west of the Black Sea and are other well-known destinations. Turkey’s Istanbul is a part of the Marmara region, which is connected to the Black Sea region. People of Middle Eastern descent also seem to like living in the province of Bursa.


Provinces and Regions Outside of Turkey

The aforementioned three regions and 81 provinces make up the seven official regions of the Republic of Turkey. In addition, there’s eastern Turkey, often called East Anatolian, and the southeast, also called Southern Anatolian. At last, Ankara and the world-famous Cappadocia are located in central Anatolian. The Marmara Peninsula is where Istanbul is located.


Turkey’s Most Populous Metropolis, Istanbul

While it may not be the capital, Istanbul nonetheless carries considerable influence in many sectors, including tourism, business, education, and more because of its massive population. The Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, Grand Bazaar, and Topkapi Palace are just a few of the open-air Istanbul Museum attractions that draw large crowds. The museums of Islamic and modern art in Istanbul, for example, are widely regarded as among the best in the world. Ankara and Izmir are the country’s second and third largest cities, respectively, after Istanbul. Additionally, western and Middle Eastern nationals go to Istanbul for cosmetic surgeries like hair transplants.


The language spoken in Turkey is Turkish

Turkish, the country’s national language, is spoken everywhere. Among all languages, it is the 13th most spoken. Everyone throughout the Ottoman Empire spoke Turkish, but changes in 1928 resulted in the Latin alphabet being adopted by the newly formed Turkish republic. The only exclusions are the letters Q, W, and X, which are not used in the Turkish language. Don’t be shy about speaking Turkish with locals while you’re there.


Is there a particular thing that Turkey is well-known for?

  • The Seven Churches of Revelation are located in what is now western Turkey.
  • Arabic, Ottoman, Greek, and Georgian flavours all find their way into traditional Turkish fare.
  • The iconic Turkish delight candy was first created by an Ottoman Sultan.
  • The method used to brew Turkish coffee is completely original.
  • A total of 783,562 square kilometres make up Turkey.
  • Saint Nicholas, the first modern-day Santa Claus, was born in what is today southern Turkey.
  • The official name of Turkey became Republic of Türkiye in 2022.
  • Turkey still requires its citizens to serve in the military.
  • Its most well-known mosque, the Blue Mosque, was built in the 17th century.
  • To its opposite lies the now-Mosque Hagia Sophia, which was a museum in its own right.
  • Turkey was the site of the Trojan War. Related to the Trojan War, the nearby city of Troy has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • When travelling to Turkey, you must visit the Grand Bazaar, the country’s largest marketplace.
  • Even more well-known attractions in Turkey


Ararat, the mountain in Turkey

Mount Ararat, Turkey’s tallest peak, is shrouded in mystery. Mount Ararat is where, according to certain historians and Bible scholars, Noah’s ark came to rest. East of Turkey is a dormant volcano with two distinct peaks. The book of Genesis makes reference to Mount Ararat, sparking the rumour that this is where the ark was buried, and inspiring generations of adventurers to set forth in search of it. Yet many Turkish specialists are still divided on whether or not the ark actually landed on Mount Ararat, despite claims from others that they have seen the wreckage.

Learn More About the Top Attractions in Turkey: Expats interested in learning more about their new home nation can do no better than to travel across Turkey and see its diverse landscapes. Take a weekend trip or a day trip and explore these one-of-a-kind locations to better understand the history and culture of each area. Turkey, spanning thousands of miles and hundreds of locations from east to west, is a country rich in diversity and local history.

It would be unfair to generalise about life in Turkey for foreigners because everyone has different everyday experiences. A foreigner living in Istanbul, Turkey for work will have a very different schedule than a retired expat sunbathing in the Mediterranean region of Antalya. The subject is complicated further by the fact that people from different backgrounds and in different parts of the country all call the country home.


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